Hemorrhoids: Causes & Treatments Hemorrhoids, or piles, are like varicose veins but in the lower rectum and anus. They come from extra pressure during bowel movements, pushing hard often, and sitting for a long time. Knowing what causes hemorrhoids helps in treating and managing them well. We’ll explore the reasons behind them and how to find relief, including home remedies and serious treatments.

What Are Hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids come in two forms: internal and external. It’s good to know what each is like. This helps in getting the right treatment.

Internal hemorrhoids are inside the rear end. They’re usually not seen or felt. But, they can make you spot bright red blood when you use the bathroom.

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External hemorrhoids are under the skin near the rear end. They might hurt more, especially when you poop. They can also itch and make that area look swollen.

Knowing about both kinds of hemorrhoids is important. It lets you pick treatments that work well. So, you can handle the problem better.

Understanding the Causes of Hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids come from many factors. These include what we eat, how we live, and even our genes. It’s important to know these things to help stop and treat hemorrhoids well. Hemorrhoids: Causes & Treatments

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Dietary Factors

Eating too little fiber is a big cause of hemorrhoids. Not enough fiber leads to trouble using the bathroom. When you push too hard, the veins in your bottom can swell up. This is what causes hemorrhoids. Try to eat more fruits, veggies, and whole grains to help keep them away.

Lifestyle Factors

Hemorrhoids: Causes & Treatments Many things we do every day can lead to getting hemorrhoids. Sitting for a long time can make your bottom veins work too hard. Not exercising also makes your stomach not work as well, which can make you push too hard when you use the bathroom. Being too heavy adds more pressure, increasing the risk more. To lower your chances of getting hemorrhoids, try to move more and stay in a healthy weight.

Genetics and Family History

If your family has had hemorrhoids, you might get them too. This is because your genes might make your bottom veins weaker. Even if you eat well and are active, you can still get hemorrhoids. Knowing your family history can help you make changes early to not get hemorrhoids.

Common Hemorrhoid Symptoms to Watch For

It’s key to know the signs of hemorrhoids early for the right treatment. Notice the symptoms between internal and external types. This knowledge helps in getting help from the doctor on time.

Internal Hemorrhoids

Internal hemorrhoids are inside the rectum and might show up as painless bleeding when you use the bathroom. Finding blood on the paper or in the toilet can be the first sign. Since these kind don’t have many nerves, they don’t usually hurt. But, if they stick out, you might feel a lump or some mild irritation.

External Hemorrhoids

External hemorrhoids are under the skin near the bottom and they can be painful. Symptoms of these include pain, swelling, itchiness, and irritation around the bottom area. These can make things tough, especially during bathroom times. A blood clot in an external hemorrhoid causes a thrombosed hemorrhoid, very painful and needing quick doctor care.

When to Seek Medical Attention

Knowing when to see a doctor for hemorrhoids is very important to avoid problems. Go to the doctor if you have a lot of bleeding, keep feeling pain, or your symptoms don’t get better with home care. Also, look out for signs like feeling tired all the time (anemia) or if you have a thrombosed hemorrhoid. Getting help early can stop things from getting worse and help with healing fast. Hemorrhoids: Causes & Treatments

Types of Hemorrhoids: Internal vs. External

It’s key to know the types of hemorrhoids for the right care. Internal hemorrhoids start inside the rectum. They often show fewer signs but can lead to painless bleeding. However, external hemorrhoids appear under the skin by the anus. They are known to be painful or itchy.

Let’s talk about how internal hemorrhoids and external hemorrhoids differ:

Characteristic Internal Hemorrhoids External Hemorrhoids
Location Inside the rectum Under the skin around the anus
Symptoms Painless bleeding, potential prolapse Pain, swelling, itching
Complications Prolapsed hemorrhoids Thrombosed hemorrhoids
Treatment Options Minimally invasive procedures, topical medications Topical treatments, surgical interventions

Each kind needs special care. Knowing if you have internal hemorrhoids or external hemorrhoids helps. It guides you and your doctor to pick the best treatment plan.

How to Treat Hemorrhoids: Effective Treatment Options

Knowing how to treat hemorrhoids is key for relief and symptom management. You can choose from many treatment options. They range from items you can get without a doctor’s note to those needing one.

Over-the-Counter Treatments

Over-the-counter choices often have creams, ointments, and suppositories. These items may include hydrocortisone, witch hazel, or lidocaine. They work to stop itching, swelling, and pain. Brands such as Preparation H and Tucks offer quick relief. They also fit well into a daily care plan.

Prescription Medications

If your symptoms are not getting better, your doctor might give you stronger medicines. These may be creams with more active ingredients or pills to lower swelling and pain. The goal of these stronger meds is to help now and avoid future problems. Sometimes, the doctor might give you corticosteroids or drugs to help your veins.

Medical Procedures and Surgery

If simple treatments don’t help, you might need a medical procedure. Things like rubber band ligation, sclerotherapy, and lasers can be used to get rid of hemorrhoids. But, if the problem is too bad, you may need surgery like a hemorrhoidectomy.

Treatment Method Description Effectiveness
Over-the-Counter Treatments Creams, ointments, and suppositories for temporary relief Moderate
Prescription Medications Stronger topical and oral medications to manage symptoms High
Medical Procedures Minimally invasive techniques like ligation and sclerotherapy Very High
Surgery Invasive procedures like hemorrhoidectomy High

Home Remedies for Hemorrhoids: Natural Relief

Many folks with hemorrhoids get help from simple, natural ways at home. Changing what you eat and using healthy creams can make a big difference. These steps can lower the pain and make you feel better. Hemorrhoids: Causes & Treatments

Dietary Adjustments

Eat more fiber from fruits, veggies, whole grains, and beans to help with keeping healthy. This also makes it easier to go to the bathroom. Don’t forget to drink lots of water. It makes your poop softer, which means you won’t have to push too hard when you go. Hemorrhoids: Causes & Treatments

Topical Treatments

Some cool stuff can be put on your skin to help with hemorrhoids. Try putting on aloe vera and witch hazel. They calm down swelling and make you feel more comfortable.

Warm Sitz Baths

Warm baths are another great idea. Sit in shallow, warm water for 10 to 15 minutes, a few times daily. It eases pain and makes the swelling go down. These baths also help your body heal faster.

Remedy Benefits
Fiber-Rich Diet Promotes regular bowel movements, reduces straining
Aloe Vera Provides anti-inflammatory and soothing effects
Witch Hazel Reduces irritation and has astringent properties
Warm Sitz Baths Decreases pain and swelling, enhances blood flow

Preventing Hemorrhoids: Tips and Best Practices

Hemorrhoids are no fun, but you can dodge them with some easy steps. It’s all about eating right, staying active, and using the bathroom wisely. Here’s how to keep hemorrhoids at bay.

Healthy Eating Habits

Good eating habits are key to avoiding hemorrhoids. Foods high in fiber make your trips to the bathroom smoother. You should eat lots of fruits, veggies, whole grains, and legumes.

  • Consume plenty of fruits like apples, pears, and berries.
  • Include vegetables such as broccoli, carrots, and leafy greens.
  • Opt for whole grains like oatmeal, brown rice, and quinoa.
  • Incorporate legumes like beans, lentils, and chickpeas.

Regular Physical Activity

Staying active keeps your gut healthy and prevents hemorrhoids. Mix exercises into your day to stay healthy.

  • Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate exercise each day. Walking, jogging, and biking are great.
  • Work out your core to help with bowel movements.
  • Move around or stand up if you sit a lot at work.

Proper Bathroom Practices

Using the bathroom right is crucial in stopping hemorrhoids. It eases the pressure when you go.

  • Don’t hold it in when you need to go.
  • Don’t push too hard. Use a footstool to make it easier.
  • Use wet wipes or damp toilet paper. They’re kinder to your skin.
  • Don’t stay on the toilet too long.

Stick to these simple tips to beat hemorrhoids. Eating foods full of fiber, staying active, and using the bathroom the right way are powerful steps. They lower your chances of getting hemorrhoids a lot. Hemorrhoids: Causes & Treatments

When to See a Doctor for Hemorrhoids

Many people can treat hemorrhoids at home. Yet, some cases need a doctor’s care. It’s important to know when you should see a doctor. This knowledge helps in getting the right treatment early.

  • Persistent or Severe Pain: Very bad or constant pain that won’t go away with regular medicines needs attention. It might be a sign of a bigger issue. Doctors can check and give the right advice.
  • Rectal Bleeding: A little bleeding from your bottom now and then might be from hemorrhoids. But, a lot of blood or bleeding all the time is serious. It could even be due to other health issues. That’s why it’s important to see a doctor.
  • Signs of Infection: If you get a fever, redness, or swelling near your bottom and it hurts more, it could be an infection. You should see a doctor quickly to avoid problems.

Knowing when to see a doctor is key for treating hemorrhoids. During the visit, the doctor will check you. They will suggest treatments depending on how bad it is. Getting help early can stop the pain and avoid any big issues.

Acibadem Healthcare Group’s Services for Hemorrhoid Relief

Acibadem Healthcare Group is a top name in medical care. They help people find relief from hemorrhoids. Whether it’s a bit of discomfort or serious pain, they tailor treatments to suit each person. With their skill, every patient gets care that truly helps.

Acibadem is known for using the latest tech and new methods. This means less pain and quicker healing for patients. The team focuses on what makes you comfortable and gets you better fast. They really care about giving you the care that’s just right for you.

Patients here receive careful check-ups and a plan made just for them. This might include tips on what to eat, how to live, medicines, or in some cases, surgery. Acibadem mixes the most modern treatments with kindness. This makes them a top choice for those wanting to ease their hemorrhoid issues.


What causes hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids are caused when the lower rectum feels more pressure. This happens when you strain during bowel movements or sit for a long time. It can also occur due to chronic constipation, being overweight, pregnancy, and eating too little fiber.

What are the symptoms of internal hemorrhoids?

Internal hemorrhoids are often painless. They can lead to bleeding when you use the bathroom. You might also feel itching or a sense of fullness in the rectum. In bad cases, they can push out of the anus.

How can I relieve hemorrhoid symptoms at home?

You can try some things at home to ease hemorrhoid discomfort. This includes eating more fiber and drinking water. You can also use aloe vera or witch hazel creams. Warm sitz baths can also help with swelling and pain.

When should I see a doctor for hemorrhoids?

If you have severe pain, a lot of bleeding, or signs of an infection, see a doctor. If home treatments don't work, it’s time to get medical help. Ongoing symptoms could point to a more serious problem needing a doctor’s care.

What treatment options are available for severe hemorrhoids?

Severe hemorrhoids can be treated in several ways. This includes medications you can get with or without a prescription. For worse cases, doctors might use rubber band ligation, sclerotherapy, or surgery. Your doctor will suggest the best option.

What are the differences between internal and external hemorrhoids?

Internal hemorrhoids are inside the rectum and usually don't hurt but may bleed. External hemorrhoids are under the skin near the anus and can hurt, swell, or itch. Since they are different, treatments also vary.

Can natural remedies help with hemorrhoid relief?

Natural options can offer relief from hemorrhoid symptoms. This includes eating more fiber, using aloe vera creams, and taking sitz baths. These methods help ease swelling and promote healing.

How can I prevent hemorrhoids?

To avoid getting hemorrhoids, eat lots of fiber, drink plenty of water, and stay active. Also, avoid straining when you go to the bathroom. These habits can help keep hemorrhoids away.

What services does Acibadem Healthcare Group offer for hemorrhoid relief?

The Acibadem Healthcare Group offers a wide range of treatments for hemorrhoid care. They provide advanced medical procedures and new treatments designed for each patient's needs. Their specialists give top quality, individualized attention for hemorrhoid relief.

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*The information on our website is not intended to direct people to diagnosis and treatment. Do not carry out all your diagnosis and treatment procedures without consulting your doctor. The contents do not contain information about the therapeutic health services of ACIBADEM Health Group.