Hemangioma on Skin Causes & Care

Hemangioma on Skin Causes & Care Hemangiomas are common but benign skin tumors. They appear as red or purple growths on the skin. You might see them anywhere on the body. They often don’t cause harm, but they can worry many people. It’s key to know why they form and how to care for them.

Cutaneous hemangiomas are most common among infants. They come in all sizes and shapes. Though they’re usually harmless, it’s important to spot them early. This helps to make sure they’re treated the right way. We’re starting our talk on hemangiomas by looking into what causes them. Plus, how often they show up and what care they need.

What is Hemangioma on Skin?

A hemangioma on the skin, known as a cutaneous hemangioma, is a vascular tumor. It looks bright red or purple. This benign skin growth often shows on babies and young kids. It’s a bunch of blood vessels that make the skin bulge. These growths are generally not cancer and might go away on their own.

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Definition and Characteristics

Cutaneous hemangiomas stand out because of their color and shape. They can be small or big, like a dot or a patch. The feel can be smooth or a bit rough, based on how many blood vessels are there. At first, a hemangioma might look like a tiny red mark. It then gets bigger in the first few months after birth.

Common Locations on the Body

cutaneous hemangioma might show up on any part of the skin. But, they often pick certain spots like:

  • Face: Mainly around the nose, mouth, and cheeks.
  • Scalp: Usually under hair but felt easily.
  • Chest: Seen a lot on the chest’s front or back.
  • Back: Can show up on a big area of the back.

How these benign skin growths look also changes with skin color. Deeper colors might be brighter on light skin. But, all of these vascular tumors are usually not a worry. They might go away as a kid grows older.

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Causes of Hemangioma on Skin

Experts research what causes hemangiomas on skin. It involves many factors, some from family and some from outside. These factors together can lead to these skin growths.

Genetic Factors

Having a family history of hemangiomas makes it more likely for you to get them. Traits passed down from your family could cause these growths. Sometimes, changes in our genes can also make us more likely to have these skin issues.

Environmental Influences

The things around us also matter a lot. If a pregnant mother is around tobacco or alcohol, her baby might be more at risk. Bad things in the environment while a baby is growing can also lead to hemangiomas later on.

Types of Hemangiomas

Knowing the types of hemangiomas is important for the right treatment. These non-cancerous tumors show up in different ways, each with its own features and who they commonly affect.

Infantile Hemangiomas

Infantile hemangiomas start showing in the first weeks of life. They are often called “strawberry marks” because of their red color. These skin bumps grow fast in the first year. Then, they slowly get smaller and disappear.

Cherry Angiomas

Cherry angiomas, red growths on the skin, usually appear in adults over 30. They vary in size but are typically small. Despite looking worrisome, they’re not harmful. Treatment is usually not needed, unless they bleed a lot or bother you due to their look.

Congenital Hemangiomas

Congenital hemangiomas are there from birth. They might be fully formed when the baby arrives. Unlike other hemangiomas, they don’t quickly grow after birth. They either stay the same or get smaller. These can be the type that fades quickly (RICH) or doesn’t fade at all (NICH).

Type Common Onset Appearance Growth Pattern
Infantile Hemangiomas First Few Weeks of Life Bright Red, Raised Rapid Growth Then Involution
Cherry Angiomas Over 30 Years Small, Red Spots Stable Growth
Congenital Hemangiomas Present at Birth Variable, Often Red or Purple Either Stable or Shrinking

Symptoms to Watch For

Knowing the signs of hemangiomas is key to help early and right care. Watch for any changes in a skin growth. These changes are your signal to act to avoid problems.

Appearance Changes

Hemangiomas often start as tiny, red marks on the skin. But they can change a lot. Be on the lookout for shifts in size, color, or feel. A quick size increase or a color change to a darker shade may mean the skin growth is changing. If you see these signs, get it checked quickly.

Possible Complications

Hemangiomas can sometimes lead to trouble needing fast medical care. A common issue is ulceration, which turns into a sore. It can be painful and risky for infections. Other problems may be bleeding or an infection, showing as swelling or leaking. Spotting these signs early can prevent worse health issues.

Symptom Description Potential Complication
Size Increase Sudden growth in diameter May indicate aggressive changes requiring medical evaluation
Color Change Shifting from red to darker tones Potential sign of ulceration or other complications
Texture Alteration From smooth to rough or crusty Could precede ulceration and infection
Bleeding Spontaneous blood loss from the growth Indicates vulnerability to infection and requires immediate care
Ulceration Break in the skin surface, forming a sore High risk of infection with painful symptoms

Diagnosis of Skin Hemangiomas

Finding a skin hemangioma needs many steps to get it right. Experts, specifically at places like Acibadem Healthcare Group, are key to this.

Medical History Evaluation

First, doctors check the patient’s medical past. They ask about family history, looking for any links to vascular tumors. This helps see if there’s a family trend for this issue.

Physical Examination

Next, a deep look at the skin occurs. The healthcare team notes the tumor’s size, color, and feel. They want to know exactly what type it might be and how far it’s spread.

Imaging Tests

If more info is needed, tests like ultrasound or MRI come in. These tools look closer at the hemangioma. They make sure the right diagnosis and treatment path are chosen. Places like Acibadem Healthcare Group use top-notch imaging to get a clear view of vascular tumors.

When to See a Doctor

Know when it’s time to see a doctor for a hemangioma on your skin. Getting help early can really help, especially if it shows signs that worry you.

If a skin bump grows fast, you should see a doctor. This could be a sign of something more serious. Also, if it starts to bleed, that’s a clear warning.

Watch for signs of infection like redness, swelling, or discharge. Getting these issues seen to early can stop them from getting worse. It also helps you get better faster.

Keep up with routine visits to your doctor. Even if the growth seems okay, check-ups are still important. They help catch problems early, leading to better results.

Here’s a summary of key signs when to see a doctor:

  • Rapid growth of the skin lesion
  • Bleeding from the benign skin growth
  • Signs of infection (redness, warmth, swelling, discharge)

Knowing these signs can help you take action sooner. This makes care for skin growths better. It ensures your health and happiness.

Sign Action Required
Rapid Growth Consult a healthcare provider for evaluation.
Bleeding Seek immediate medical attention.
Infection Signs Visit a healthcare professional for treatment.

Treatment Options for Hemangioma on Skin

There are different ways to handle a hemangioma on your skin. The choice depends on its size, where it is, and any risks. Let’s look at the main ways to treat it.

Observation and Monitoring

With small hemangiomas, it’s often best to wait and see what happens. Doctors will just watch them. This is common with baby hemangiomas, as they might go away on their own.


Some hemangiomas need medicine to get smaller. Medicines like propranolol can help. Corticosteroids are also used to lessen swelling and stop the growth.

Surgical Procedures

When a hemangioma needs to be removed, surgery might be needed. This can be a small procedure or completely removing it. Surgery is an option if other treatments do not work or if it’s growing quickly.

Other Therapies

There are also treatments like using lasers or freezing the hemangioma. Laser therapy can make it smaller and less red. Cryotherapy can also get rid of it over time by freezing it.

Treatment Option Description Benefits Considerations
Observation and Monitoring Regular check-ups without immediate intervention Non-invasive, allows natural regression Requires patience, not suitable for all cases
Medications Use of beta-blockers and corticosteroids Effective in reducing size Potential side effects, requires medical supervision
Surgical Procedures Excision or minimally invasive techniques Immediate removal Invasive, requires recovery time
Other Therapies Laser treatment, cryotherapy Targeted approach, minimal scarring Multiple sessions may be required

Home Care and Management

It’s very important to take good care of a hemangioma on the skin at home. Proper skin care is key to keep the area healthy and reduce any pain. Here are some easy tips to help you care for your hemangioma.

Skin Care Routines

Being gentle with your skin helps a lot with a hemangioma. Use mild, scent-free soap when you clean the area. Be careful not to scrub too hard. Keeping the skin moist is also important. Use a gentle lotion to stop it from getting too dry or irritated. Protect the area from the sun with a strong SPF sunscreen. This keeps the skin safe from sunlight.

Dealing with Discomfort

If you feel any pain, you can take medicine like acetaminophen or ibuprofen. These can make you feel better. A doctor may also suggest an antihistamine if it gets itchy. Using something cold on the spot can help with swelling or feeling irritable. Watch out for signs of infection, like the area getting more red or warm. Tell your doctor if this happens right away.Hemangioma on Skin Causes & Care

Stick to your skin care plan and comfort tips. This will bring better skin health and make you feel good. Doing these things every day helps a lot with this healing process.


What causes a hemangioma on the skin?

We're not sure what causes them exactly. But, it might be a mix of genes and things in our environment. Things your family has and things you're around before you're born might help them grow.

Are hemangiomas on skin harmful?

Usually, hemangiomas are not harmful. But, they can cause trouble if they grow fast, bleed, or become open sores. If you notice problems, talk to a doctor right away.

Where do hemangiomas commonly appear on the body?

Hemangiomas can show up anywhere on your skin. Yet, they especially like to pop up on the face, scalp, chest, and back. The way they look can vary, especially based on your skin color.

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*The information on our website is not intended to direct people to diagnosis and treatment. Do not carry out all your diagnosis and treatment procedures without consulting your doctor. The contents do not contain information about the therapeutic health services of ACIBADEM Health Group.