Hemangioma Newborn Causes & Treatment Options

Hemangioma Newborn Causes & Treatment Options Hemangiomas in newborns are common, known as infantile hemangiomas. They are birthmarks caused by too many blood vessels. These can be either on the skin or inside the body.

Knowing what causes hemangiomas is key to better care. Things like genetics and the environment play a role. Treatment can vary, from just watching it to needing medical help.

The treatment path depends on the hemangioma’s size, where it is, and if there are any complications. By understanding and managing hemangiomas well, we can help infants a lot.

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Understanding Hemangiomas in Newborns

Hemangiomas are like small, harmless bumps that show up soon after a baby is born. They are a common birthmark caused by extra blood vessels. In the first year, they quickly get bigger. Yet, after that, they start getting smaller.

Why they appear is still not clear, but we do know they are common in babies. There can be different types: some are red and raised, while others are deep blue and not raised. Doctors know they are different from regular birthmarks because of how they change over time.

These bumps can affect a baby’s health and look. Doctors say it’s important to know about them and watch how they grow. By keeping an eye on hemangiomas, we can help keep babies healthy.

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Causes of Hemangioma in Babies

Hemangiomas in babies happen because of genes and things in their environment. New studies from Acibadem Healthcare Group tell us more about this.

Genetic Factors

Family history is key. If someone in the family had a hemangioma, babies have a higher chance of it too. Some groups are more likely to get them, showing genes play a big part. Scientists are working to find the exact genes that cause this.

Environmental Influences

Things around pregnant moms can also matter. Issues with the placenta or the mom’s health might affect how blood vessels grow in the baby. Knowing these risks helps doctors offer better care to pregnant women.

Healthcare Insights: Acibadem Healthcare Group

The Acibadem Healthcare Group is looking at all sides of hemangioma causes. They say both genes and the world around us team up to cause them. Their detailed studies push for a wide view on hemangiomas to find better ways to help affected babies.

Contributing Factors Details
Genetic Predispositions Family history and certain genes make hemangiomas more likely.
Environmental Influences Problems with the placenta and mom’s health can also lead to hemangiomas.
Acibadem Insights According to Acibadem Healthcare Group, a mix of genes and surroundings causes hemangiomas.

Symptoms and Diagnosis of Infantile Hemangioma

Knowing the signs of a hemangioma in a baby is key for quick and good care. These benign growths usually look red to purple and are raised. They can be there when the baby is born or show up in the first few weeks. It’s very important to spot them early for the right diagnosis.

A pediatric dermatologist or a doctor checks for infantile hemangioma through a simple exam. By looking at the growth’s details like color, size, and where it is, they learn a lot. They might also do other tests if they think the growth is deep. Tests like ultrasounds and MRIs can tell more.

These tests are good at showing how big the hemangioma is and what it’s affecting. This way, doctors can make sure to watch and treat the baby well. Using all these methods helps keep babies with hemangiomas safe.

Symptom Description
Red to Purplish Lesion Raised area on the skin, often noticeable at birth or within weeks.
Rapid Growth Phase Rapid increase in size, usually within the first year.
Imaging Indications Use of ultrasound or MRI when deeper involvement is suspected.

Types of Hemangiomas in Newborns

Newborns might have different hemangiomas. Each type looks different and has its own effects. Knowing about these types helps in taking care and treating them correctly.

Superficial (Strawberry Birthmark)

A strawberry birthmark is a kind of superficial hemangioma. It looks like a red, raised spot, much like a strawberry. These marks often show up on the infant’s face or neck, making them easy to see.

Deep Hemangiomas

Deep hemangiomas are under the skin and seem bluish or purplish. They can be swollen. They might not be seen right after birth but might show up as the child gets older.

It’s important to keep an eye on them and get the right diagnosis because they are not easy to spot at first.

Mixed Hemangiomas

Mixed hemangiomas have both superficial and deep features. They can look like a strawberry birthmark on the skin but have more complex parts underneath. Treating them often requires a more involved plan.

Type Appearance Location Considerations
Superficial (Strawberry Birthmark) Bright red, raised patch Skin’s surface (face, neck) Highly visible, monitor growth
Deep Hemangiomas Bluish, swollen area Beneath the skin May require imaging for diagnosis
Mixed Hemangiomas Combination of both Varied Complex management needed

Hemangioma Newborn

It’s important for both parents and doctors to know about hemangiomas in newborns. These are usually harmless tumors that show up in the first weeks. They grow fast at first. But then, they stop growing and get smaller on their own.

Many newborns get a hemangioma, but most don’t need treatment. Yet, some cases need to be watched. Early spotting and keeping an eye on it helps avoid problems later.

Infantile hemangioma management includes dealing with how these marks affect the child and family. Parents might worry about their baby’s look and health. This is more common when the marks are on the face or neck.

Aspect Details
Prevalence Hemangiomas occur in an estimated 4-5% of newborns.
Growth Patterns Rapid growth within the first year followed by a slow involution phase.
Impact Mostly benign, but significant for monitoring for potential complications.

Knowing about hemangioma newborn is key for good care. The right infantile hemangioma management helps by watching closely and acting if needed. This keeps both baby and family happy and healthy.

When to Seek Medical Attention for a Hemangioma

Most hemangiomas in newborns go away on their own and are not a big deal. But, sometimes, it’s best to see a doctor quickly. It’s important to know the signs of complications early. This can help a lot in treating the hemangioma.

Signs of Complications

Parents, watch the hemangioma closely. Look for changes that might show a problem. These changes can include:

  • Rapid growth beyond the first year
  • Bleeding or ulceration
  • Impairment of vision, breathing, or other vital functions
  • Swelling causing discomfort or pain

Seeing any of these signs means you should talk to a doctor soon. Acting early is key to stop more serious problems. Treatment varies based on how bad the issue is.

Importance of Early Diagnosis

Spotting a hemangioma early is really important. It helps doctors plan the best way to handle it. This quick action can lower risks and help the baby heal better.

Complication Medical Attention Needed Potential Treatment
Rapid Growth Immediate Beta-blockers, Corticosteroids
Bleeding/Ulceration Urgent Dressing, Antibiotics
Impaired Functions Critical Surgical Consultation
Discomfort/Pain Prompt Pain Management, Topical Treatments

By knowing and reacting to these clues, parents can get the right treatment fast. This helps prevent big problems and keeps the child healthy.

Conservative Management of Hemangiomas

The conservative way to treat a hemangioma is to use methods that are not too harsh. This keeps the patient comfortable and reduces side effects. The main goal is to watch the hemangioma carefully. We do this to make sure it doesn’t affect the body’s important functions or cause too much stress.

Monitoring Growth and Changes

It’s key to keep an eye on the hemangioma regularly. Parents and doctors need to notice any changes like in the size, color, or feel of the hemangioma. Checking it often helps to find any issues early. This means we can help right away if needed.

Non-Invasive Treatment Options

We like using non-invasive ways in treating hemangiomas. These can include:

  • Topical treatments – You can put creams or ointments with beta-blockers or corticosteroids right on the hemangioma.
  • Oral medications – Drugs such as propranolol might be given. They can make hemangiomas smaller without surgery.
  • Laser therapy – Laser treatment is another option. It works best for hemangiomas closer to the skin that cause pain or look bad.

Using these gentle methods aims to treat the hemangioma with little risk. This way, many hemangiomas go away on their own with time.

Medical Treatments for Hemangiomas

Doctors use many ways to treat hemangiomas. This is key for spots that cause trouble or don’t look good. You can pick from drugs or things without surgery. They all help in different ways.


The use of beta-blockers for hemangioma is a big step in treatment. Propranolol is a small pill that’s great at making the spot smaller and less red. Many praise how well this works, like the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.


Corticosteroids are another key choice, good for when you need to act fast. They cut down on swelling and stop the spot from growing. If pills aren’t an option, they can be given in other ways, like through a shot.

Laser Therapy

Laser therapy for hemangioma is a way to help spots not go too deep. A special light aims inside the spot and helps it get smaller over time. The methods have gotten better and safer, thanks to groups like the National Institutes of Health.

Treatment Method Mechanism of Action Application
Beta-Blockers Constricts blood vessels, reduces blood flow Oral medication
Corticosteroids Reduces inflammation, interferes with growth signals Oral, intravenous, localized injection
Laser Therapy Targets blood vessels with light Non-surgical, focused laser

Surgical Options for Hemangiomas

Surgery is usually the last choice for treating hemangiomas. It is done when other ways don’t work or when the hemangioma is very risky. Pediatric surgeons who are experts handle these cases. They remove the problematic tissue carefully. This way, they make sure that the look and use of the body are not harmed. They also keep the young patients safe.

Deciding on surgery needs a deep look at its good and bad sides. If a hemangioma is stopping the body from working well, like making it hard to breathe or see, surgery might be needed. In these cases, the main goal is to take away the health risks right away. Yet, thinking about how to get the best results over time is also important. Surgeons use the best methods to do a very careful job. This helps to keep scars small.

Talking with different types of doctors is very important before surgery. Including pediatricians, skin specialists, and cosmetic surgeons. They all work together to plan the best care. This teamwork is key. It makes sure the surgery goes well and the healing after is taken care of well. They try hard to give every child the right care. This helps them to heal well and live the best life they can.


What causes hemangiomas in newborns?

Hemangiomas in newborns happen because of too many blood vessels. Why this happens isn't fully clear. But, genes and the environment might have a role.

How are infantile hemangiomas treated?

Infantile hemangiomas can be treated in different ways. The way depends on their size, where they are, and the risks. Treatment may be with medicines, laser, or sometimes surgery.

What are the types of hemangiomas found in newborns?

Newborns can have three kinds of hemangiomas: superficial, deep, and mixed. Superficial ones look red like strawberries. Deep ones can look blue or swollen.

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