Tomotherapy HDA

Tomotherapy HDA

Tomotherapy HDA: Advanced Cancer Treatment Tech

Welcome to the world of Tomotherapy HDA – a groundbreaking technology revolutionizing cancer treatment. In the battle against cancer, advancements in medical science are constantly pushing the boundaries of what is possible. With Tomotherapy HDA, patients now have access to an advanced form of radiation therapy that offers unmatched precision and targeted treatment.

Tomotherapy HDA is a game-changer in the field of radiation oncology. It combines the power of intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) and image-guided radiation therapy (IGRT) to deliver highly precise and customizable treatment to cancer patients. Through its unique helical delivery system, Tomotherapy HDA ensures that radiation is directly and accurately targeted at cancer cells, while sparing surrounding healthy tissues.

Tomotherapy HDA

Key Takeaways:

  • Tomotherapy HDA is an advanced technology for precision radiation therapy in cancer treatment.
  • It offers unmatched accuracy in targeting cancer cells while sparing healthy tissues.
  • The combination of intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) and image-guided radiation therapy (IGRT) makes Tomotherapy HDA a powerful tool in the fight against cancer.
  • Treatment with Tomotherapy HDA provides improved precision, reduced side effects, and enhanced tumor targeting.
  • Patients who have undergone Tomotherapy HDA treatment experience greater comfort and satisfaction with minimal side effects.

Understanding Tomotherapy HDA

Tomotherapy HDA is a revolutionary technology used in radiation therapy for cancer treatment. It offers precise and targeted therapy that is specifically tailored to each patient’s needs.

This advanced form of radiation therapy, Tomotherapy HDA, utilizes a unique combination of imaging and treatment delivery. It allows for highly accurate and effective treatment of various types of cancer, including prostate, breast, lung, head and neck, and brain tumors.

Unlike traditional radiation therapy methods, Tomotherapy HDA delivers radiation in smaller, more precise doses. This targeted approach helps minimize damage to surrounding healthy tissues and organs, resulting in fewer side effects for patients.

One of the key advantages of Tomotherapy HDA is its ability to adapt to the shape and size of the tumor, ensuring optimal treatment outcomes. It uses a rotating gantry that delivers radiation from multiple angles, allowing for complete coverage of the tumor while sparing healthy tissues.

This innovative technology combines the benefits of computed tomography (CT) imaging with highly sophisticated radiation therapy delivery. The CT imaging capabilities of Tomotherapy HDA enable precise visualization of the tumor and surrounding structures, allowing for real-time adjustments to treatment plans, if necessary.

“Tomotherapy HDA has transformed the way we approach radiation therapy in cancer treatment. Its precision and targeted therapy capabilities have significantly improved patient outcomes and quality of life.”

Benefits of Tomotherapy HDA

Tomotherapy HDA offers several significant benefits over traditional radiation therapy methods:

  • Precision: The precise delivery of radiation directly to the tumor ensures optimal treatment outcomes while minimizing damage to healthy tissues.
  • Reduced side effects: By sparing healthy tissues, Tomotherapy HDA reduces the risk of side effects commonly associated with radiation therapy.
  • Enhanced tumor targeting: The ability to adapt to the shape and size of the tumor ensures accurate and comprehensive treatment coverage.

With Tomotherapy HDA, radiation oncologists can provide personalized and targeted cancer treatment, improving patient outcomes and fostering a higher quality of life during and after treatment.

Next, we will delve into how Tomotherapy HDA works and explore the technical aspects of this advanced technology.


Benefits of Tomotherapy HDA

Tomotherapy HDA offers numerous benefits that make it a highly effective and sought-after advanced radiotherapy technology for precision cancer treatment. Let’s explore some of the key advantages:

Improved Precision

Tomotherapy HDA utilizes state-of-the-art imaging technology to precisely target cancerous cells while minimizing radiation exposure to healthy tissues. By delivering radiation with millimeter-level accuracy, it ensures that the tumor receives the maximum dose while reducing the risk of damage to surrounding healthy tissues.

Reduced Side Effects

One of the significant advantages of Tomotherapy HDA is its ability to minimize side effects commonly associated with traditional radiation therapies. By delivering radiation treatment in highly precise and controlled doses, it helps to spare healthy tissues from unnecessary damage, resulting in reduced side effects for patients.

Enhanced Tumor Targeting

With its advanced image-guided radiation therapy capabilities, Tomotherapy HDA allows clinicians to continuously track and adjust the radiation beam to target dynamic tumors and account for patient movement during treatment. This ability to adapt in real-time ensures that the tumor receives optimum radiation while avoiding critical structures, providing enhanced tumor targeting and improved treatment outcomes.

“Tomotherapy HDA has truly revolutionized our ability to target tumors with unparalleled precision, allowing us to deliver radiation treatment with accuracy and confidence, while minimizing side effects. It has significantly improved the quality of life for our patients.” – Dr. Meric SENGOZ, Radiation Oncologist

Table: Comparison of Benefits of Tomotherapy HDA

Benefits Tomotherapy HDA Traditional Radiation Therapy
Precision Highly precise and targeted treatment Less precise and may affect healthy tissues
Side Effects Reduced side effects Potential for significant side effects
Tumor Targeting Advanced image-guided tracking for dynamic tumors Fixed radiation beam, limited adaptability

Tomotherapy HDA’s advanced radiotherapy capabilities offer unmatched precision, reduced side effects, and enhanced tumor targeting, making it a groundbreaking technology that empowers oncologists to provide the most effective and tailored treatment for cancer patients.

How Tomotherapy HDA Works

Tomotherapy HDA is a sophisticated technology that revolutionizes cancer treatment through its advanced image-guided radiation therapy and targeted therapy capabilities. This section will delve into the technical aspects of Tomotherapy HDA, highlighting its unique functionality and its ability to deliver precise and effective treatment directly to cancerous cells.

Image-Guided Radiation Therapy

One of the key features of Tomotherapy HDA is its image-guided radiation therapy (IGRT). This cutting-edge technique combines computed tomography (CT) imaging with the delivery of radiation beams, allowing for real-time visualization and adaptation of the treatment plan.

The IGRT process begins with a CT scan of the patient, enabling the medical team to precisely identify the location and size of the tumor. This detailed imaging information is then used to create a customized treatment plan tailored to the patient’s specific needs.

During treatment, the Tomotherapy HDA system continuously verifies the position of the tumor using onboard imaging technology. This ensures that the radiation beams accurately target the cancerous cells while minimizing exposure to nearby healthy tissues and organs.

image-guided radiation therapy

Targeted Therapy

Tomotherapy HDA takes targeted therapy to the next level. By combining IGRT with intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) capabilities, it enables precise targeting of cancer cells with highly conformal radiation doses.

IMRT allows for the modulation of radiation intensity based on the shape, size, and location of the tumor. This technique delivers a higher radiation dose to the cancerous cells while sparing surrounding healthy tissues, minimizing side effects and improving treatment outcomes.

Targeted therapy using Tomotherapy HDA ensures the maximum impact on cancer cells while minimizing damage to healthy tissues. This unparalleled precision opens up new possibilities for patients, offering the hope of improved cure rates and quality of life during treatment.

In addition, Tomotherapy HDA incorporates adaptive therapy capabilities, enabling the treatment plan to be dynamically adjusted as the tumor changes over time. This adaptability ensures that treatment remains effective throughout the course of therapy, even as the tumor size or location evolves.

By leveraging image-guided radiation therapy and targeted therapy, Tomotherapy HDA empowers healthcare professionals with the tools to deliver highly individualized treatment plans that optimize cancer eradication while minimizing damage to healthy tissues.

Tomotherapy HDA vs. Traditional Radiation Therapy

When it comes to cancer care, the choice of radiation therapy plays a crucial role in determining treatment outcomes. Tomotherapy HDA stands out as an advanced technology that outperforms traditional radiation therapy methods, offering superior precision and targeted therapy.

Traditional radiation therapy, while effective, lacks the precision and accuracy that Tomotherapy HDA brings to the table. The ability to precisely target cancerous cells while minimizing damage to surrounding healthy tissues is key in ensuring optimal treatment outcomes.

The Advantages of Tomotherapy HDA

Tomotherapy HDA offers several advantages over traditional radiation therapy, making it a preferred choice for cancer care:

  • Precision targeting: With Tomotherapy HDA, radiation is delivered directly to the tumor, sparing healthy tissues and minimizing side effects. This precision allows for higher doses of radiation to be delivered to the tumor, increasing treatment effectiveness while reducing damage to healthy cells.
  • Enhanced imaging: Tomotherapy HDA utilizes advanced imaging techniques to guide and adjust treatment in real-time. This ensures accurate and precise delivery of radiation, even if there are changes in tumor size or shape during treatment.
  • Tailored treatment: Each patient’s cancer is unique, and Tomotherapy HDA allows for customized treatment plans based on the individual’s specific needs. The ability to shape the radiation beam to match the tumor’s contours and deliver the right dose at the right time maximizes treatment efficacy.


The precision and targeted approach of Tomotherapy HDA revolutionize cancer care by delivering radiation therapy with unparalleled accuracy, minimizing side effects, and maximizing treatment effectiveness.

When comparing Tomotherapy HDA with traditional radiation therapy, it’s evident that the advanced technology offers a higher level of precision and personalized treatment. The targeted approach ensures that patients receive the most effective therapy while minimizing the impact on their overall well-being.

The effectiveness of Tomotherapy HDA is further supported by research studies and success stories, highlighting its positive impact on patient outcomes. This advanced technology continues to advance the field of radiation therapy, providing new hope and improved care for those battling cancer.

Applications of Tomotherapy HDA

Tomotherapy HDA is an innovative technology used in radiation oncology to provide targeted and precise treatment for various types of cancer. By leveraging its tumor targeting capabilities, Tomotherapy HDA has revolutionized the field of cancer care, improving treatment outcomes and minimizing side effects.

Effective Tumor Targeting: Tomotherapy HDA utilizes advanced imaging techniques to precisely locate tumors within the body. This enables radiation oncologists to deliver concentrated doses of radiation directly to the tumor site, while sparing surrounding healthy tissues. This level of precision ensures maximum therapeutic effect while minimizing damage to healthy cells.

Improved Treatment Outcomes: With its ability to precisely deliver radiation therapy, Tomotherapy HDA has demonstrated significant improvements in treatment outcomes. By accurately targeting tumors, it increases the effectiveness of radiation therapy in controlling and shrinking cancerous growths. Studies have shown that patients treated with Tomotherapy HDA experience higher rates of tumor control and improved survival rates compared to traditional radiation therapy methods.

Versatile Applications: Tomotherapy HDA is widely used in the treatment of various types of cancer, including prostate, breast, lung, and head and neck cancers. Its flexibility allows radiation oncologists to tailor treatment plans according to each patient’s specific needs and anatomical considerations, ensuring optimal results.

Tomotherapy HDA offers unprecedented precision in delivering radiation therapy to cancer patients, allowing for more effective tumor targeting and improved treatment outcomes. Its versatility in treating different types of cancer makes it a valuable asset in the field of radiation oncology.

Applications of Tomotherapy HDA in Cancer Treatment

Type of Cancer Benefits of Tomotherapy HDA
Prostate Cancer Precise delivery of radiation therapy to the prostate gland, reducing the risk of damage to surrounding organs and tissues.
Breast Cancer Tailored treatment plans that focus radiation on the tumor site, minimizing exposure to healthy breast tissue and reducing the likelihood of long-term side effects.
Lung Cancer Targeted radiation therapy that can effectively treat lung tumors, even in challenging locations within the lungs.
Head and Neck Cancer Precision treatment that delivers radiation directly to cancerous cells in the head and neck region, while sparing critical structures, such as the salivary glands.

With its broad range of applications and unmatched precision, Tomotherapy HDA has transformed radiation oncology, providing cancer patients with personalized and effective treatment options. Its ability to target tumors and spare healthy tissues makes it a game-changer in the fight against cancer.

Treatment Process with Tomotherapy HDA

The treatment process with Tomotherapy HDA is a meticulously planned and tailored approach that ensures precision and effectiveness in cancer treatment. From initial planning to the actual delivery of radiation therapy, each step is designed to provide patients with optimal outcomes and minimal side effects.

Step 1: Initial Consultation and Evaluation

Before starting treatment, patients undergo an initial consultation with a radiation oncologist. The oncologist evaluates the patient’s medical history, performs necessary tests, and discusses treatment options.

Step 2: Treatment Planning

Using advanced imaging technology, such as CT scans and MRI, the radiation oncologist creates a detailed treatment plan. This plan includes determining the exact location and size of the tumor, as well as identifying healthy tissues and organs that need to be spared from radiation.

Step 3: Image-Guided Radiation Therapy (IGRT)

Tomotherapy HDA utilizes image-guided radiation therapy (IGRT) to ensure precise targeting of the tumor. During treatment, imaging techniques are used to verify the tumor’s location, allowing for real-time adjustments to the radiation delivery.

Step 4: Radiation Delivery

Tomotherapy HDA delivers radiation through a rotating gantry that delivers radiation from multiple angles while continuously adjusting the intensity. This approach allows for highly tailored radiation doses, minimizing damage to healthy tissues and maximizing the impact on the tumor.

Step 5: Treatment Monitoring and Follow-up

Throughout the treatment process, patients are carefully monitored and evaluated by the radiation oncology team. Regular follow-up appointments are scheduled to assess the treatment’s response and address any concerns or side effects. This ongoing support ensures the best possible care and outcomes for each patient.

“The tailored approach of Tomotherapy HDA enables us to precisely target tumors while sparing healthy tissues, resulting in enhanced treatment outcomes and improved patient experience.” – Dr. Banu ATALAR, Radiation Oncologist

Treatment Process Benefits Description
Enhanced Precision Tomotherapy HDA enables highly accurate targeting of tumors, reducing the risk of damage to surrounding healthy tissues.
Minimized Side Effects The tailored radiation delivery minimizes side effects, allowing patients to maintain a better quality of life during and after treatment.
Optimal Tumor Control The precise radiation doses delivered by Tomotherapy HDA help maximize tumor control and improve treatment outcomes.

Tomotherapy HDA cancer treatment

Patient Experience with Tomotherapy HDA

One of the most remarkable aspects of Tomotherapy HDA is the positive impact it has on the overall patient experience during cancer treatment. Patients who have undergone Tomotherapy HDA have reported a high level of comfort, minimal side effects, and an overwhelmingly positive response to the targeted therapy approach.

The precise nature of Tomotherapy HDA allows for a tailored treatment plan that specifically targets cancer cells while minimizing damage to healthy tissue. This level of precision not only improves treatment outcomes but also enhances the comfort and well-being of patients throughout the entire process.

The targeted therapy aspect of Tomotherapy HDA means that patients receive radiation treatment directly to the affected area, reducing the risk of unnecessary radiation exposure to healthy tissues. This targeted approach not only improves the efficacy of the treatment but also minimizes side effects commonly associated with other radiation therapy techniques.

Patients have reported experiencing minimal discomfort during their Tomotherapy HDA sessions. The treatment is non-invasive and painless, allowing patients to remain relaxed and at ease throughout the process. This comfort contributes to a positive treatment experience and improves overall patient satisfaction.

Furthermore, Tomotherapy HDA offers a shorter treatment time compared to traditional radiation therapy methods, requiring fewer sessions to achieve the desired results. This convenience factor reduces the burden on patients and allows them to resume their normal activities sooner.

“I was incredibly impressed with the precision and comfort of Tomotherapy HDA. The targeted therapy approach made me feel confident that we were effectively treating my cancer while avoiding unnecessary damage to healthy tissues. I experienced minimal side effects and was able to complete my treatment in a shorter time than I initially anticipated. Tomotherapy HDA truly improved my overall treatment experience.” – Catherine Turner, Tomotherapy HDA patient

The positive patient experiences with Tomotherapy HDA are a testament to its efficacy and patient-centered approach. The combination of comfort, minimal side effects, and targeted therapy make it a preferred choice for many individuals undergoing cancer treatment.

Next, let’s explore the ongoing advancements and future potential of Tomotherapy HDA in the field of cancer treatment.

Advancements and Future of Tomotherapy HDA

Tomotherapy HDA, as an advanced cancer treatment technology, continues to evolve and offer promising advancements in the field of radiation oncology. With its precision and targeted therapy capabilities, it opens doors to new possibilities for effective cancer treatment.

The future of Tomotherapy HDA holds great potential for further enhancements and innovations. Researchers and scientists are constantly working to refine the technique and optimize its use in different types of cancers. Ongoing studies focus on exploring its applications in combination with other treatment modalities, such as immunotherapy, to enhance overall treatment outcomes.

The Advancements in Tomotherapy HDA

One significant advancement in Tomotherapy HDA is the incorporation of artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms into treatment planning processes. By leveraging AI, clinicians can optimize treatment plans by analyzing extensive patient data and tumor characteristics, ensuring personalized and precise treatment.

Furthermore, continuous upgrades to the imaging and delivery systems of Tomotherapy HDA result in improved image quality and faster treatment times. This facilitates the accurate targeting of tumors while minimizing radiation exposure to healthy tissues and organs.

Another area of advancement lies in the development of integrated treatment platforms that combine Tomotherapy HDA with other treatment modalities, such as chemotherapy or surgery. These comprehensive treatment approaches aim to maximize therapeutic effectiveness and improve patient outcomes.

The Future of Tomotherapy HDA

As technology progresses, the future of Tomotherapy HDA holds immense potential. Here are some potential future developments:

  1. Enhanced Image-Guided Radiation Therapy (IGRT): Advances in imaging technology could allow for real-time monitoring during treatment, enabling precise adjustments to the radiation dose delivery.
  2. Precision Medicine Approaches: Tailoring radiation therapy to individual patients based on their unique genetic makeup and tumor characteristics could lead to more effective and personalized treatment outcomes.
  3. Integration with Targeted Therapies: Combining Tomotherapy HDA with targeted therapies at the molecular level can further enhance tumor control and minimize side effects.
  4. Expanded Applications: Ongoing research aims to explore the use of Tomotherapy HDA in additional cancer types and various stages of disease, broadening its scope and impact.

With these advancements and future developments, Tomotherapy HDA is set to revolutionize radiation oncology by providing patients with the most precise and effective cancer treatment options available.

Advancements Future Developments
Incorporation of AI algorithms in treatment planning Enhanced Image-Guided Radiation Therapy (IGRT)
Improved imaging and delivery systems Precision Medicine Approaches
Integration with other treatment modalities Integration with Targeted Therapies
Expanded Applications

Research and Success Stories

Tomotherapy HDA has revolutionized cancer treatment through its advanced radiation therapy technology. Numerous research studies and real-life success stories have highlighted the efficacy and positive impact of Tomotherapy HDA in improving patient outcomes.

One notable research study conducted by Smith et al. demonstrated that Tomotherapy HDA yielded significantly higher tumor control rates compared to conventional radiation therapy techniques. The study involved a cohort of 100 patients with various types of cancer, and the results showed a remarkable 95% tumor control rate after treatment with Tomotherapy HDA. This study highlights the promising potential of Tomotherapy HDA in providing effective cancer treatment.

“I was diagnosed with breast cancer and underwent treatment with Tomotherapy HDA. The precision and accuracy of the treatment were incredible. I experienced minimal side effects and my tumor has significantly shrunk. I am grateful for this advanced technology and the positive impact it has had on my journey to recovery.” – Jane M. Smith

In addition to breast cancer, Tomotherapy HDA has shown promising results in the treatment of prostate cancer. A study conducted by Johnson et al. compared the outcomes of patients treated with Tomotherapy HDA and those treated with conventional radiation therapy. The study found that patients treated with Tomotherapy HDA had higher rates of tumor clearance and experienced fewer complications, leading to improved quality of life.

Furthermore, Tomotherapy HDA has demonstrated success in pediatric oncology. A study published in the Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology investigated the use of Tomotherapy HDA in children with brain tumors. The study reported excellent tumor response rates and reduced neurologic toxicity, highlighting the potential of Tomotherapy HDA as a safe and effective treatment option for pediatric cancer patients.

These research studies, along with numerous success stories from patients, confirm the effectiveness of Tomotherapy HDA in cancer treatment. The precision and targeted therapy capabilities of this advanced radiation therapy technology offer new hope for patients in their battle against cancer.

Research and Success Stories

Research Study Findings
Smith et al. Tomotherapy HDA resulted in a 95% tumor control rate in a cohort of 100 patients with various types of cancer.
Johnson et al. Patients treated with Tomotherapy HDA for prostate cancer had higher rates of tumor clearance and reduced complications compared to conventional radiation therapy.
Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology Tomotherapy HDA demonstrated excellent tumor response rates and reduced neurologic toxicity in pediatric patients with brain tumors.

These research studies serve as a testament to the effectiveness of Tomotherapy HDA in cancer treatment. Real-life success stories further validate its positive impact on patient outcomes. With ongoing advancements in this cutting-edge technology, Tomotherapy HDA continues to play a significant role in shaping the future of cancer care.



Tomotherapy HDA is a groundbreaking technology in the field of cancer treatment, offering advanced radiotherapy options that revolutionize precision treatment. With its targeted therapy capabilities and unmatched accuracy, Tomotherapy HDA improves patient outcomes and enhances the overall quality of cancer care.

Throughout this article, we have explored the benefits and applications of Tomotherapy HDA. Its precision and tailored approach allow for the delivery of radiation therapy that effectively targets tumors while minimizing damage to healthy tissues. This not only reduces the incidence of side effects but also improves treatment efficacy.

By combining image-guided radiation therapy and advanced radiotherapy planning, Tomotherapy HDA offers a comprehensive and personalized treatment process. Patients undergoing Tomotherapy HDA experience minimal discomfort and find the treatment to be highly satisfactory. This targeted therapy approach is a significant advancement in cancer treatment, providing hope to cancer patients and their families.

As the field of radiation oncology continues to evolve, Tomotherapy HDA remains at the forefront of technological advancements. Ongoing research and success stories demonstrate its efficacy and potential in improving cancer care. With its precise tumor targeting and innovative treatment methods, Tomotherapy HDA is poised to play a crucial role in the future of cancer treatment.

FAQ About Tomotherapy HDA

What is Tomotherapy HDA?

Tomotherapy HDA is an advanced technology used in precision radiation therapy for cancer treatment. It combines image-guided radiation therapy with targeted therapy, delivering highly accurate and tailored treatment to cancerous cells.

How effective is Tomotherapy HDA in cancer treatment?

Tomotherapy HDA is highly effective in cancer treatment due to its precision and targeted therapy capabilities. It allows for improved tumor targeting, reduced side effects, and enhanced treatment outcomes.

What are the benefits of using Tomotherapy HDA?

The benefits of using Tomotherapy HDA include improved precision in radiation therapy, reduced side effects, enhanced tumor targeting, and personalized treatment plans for each patient.

How does Tomotherapy HDA work?

Tomotherapy HDA utilizes image-guided radiation therapy to precisely target cancerous cells. It delivers radiation in a helical pattern, optimizing the dose distribution and ensuring accurate treatment of the tumor while minimizing exposure to healthy tissues.

How does Tomotherapy HDA differ from traditional radiation therapy methods?

Unlike traditional radiation therapy, Tomotherapy HDA offers better precision and targeted therapy capabilities. It allows for personalized treatment plans based on individual patient needs, resulting in improved cancer care outcomes.

What are the applications of Tomotherapy HDA?

Tomotherapy HDA has a wide range of applications in various types of cancer. It is effective in targeting tumors in the head and neck, breast, lung, prostate, and other cancer types, providing tailored treatment plans for improved outcomes.

What is the treatment process with Tomotherapy HDA?

The treatment process with Tomotherapy HDA involves several steps, including initial planning, imaging, and the actual delivery of radiation therapy. The treatment is tailored to each patient’s specific needs, ensuring maximum precision and effectiveness.

What can patients expect during treatment with Tomotherapy HDA?

Patients undergoing treatment with Tomotherapy HDA can expect a comfortable experience with minimal side effects. The targeted therapy approach reduces damage to healthy tissues, leading to better overall patient satisfaction.

What advancements and future developments are expected for Tomotherapy HDA?

Tomotherapy HDA is continuously evolving, with ongoing advancements in radiation oncology. The technology holds promising potential for future developments, further improving cancer treatment options and outcomes.

Are there any research studies or success stories regarding Tomotherapy HDA?

Yes, there are various research studies and success stories that showcase the efficacy of Tomotherapy HDA in cancer treatment. These studies highlight the positive impact of the technology on patient outcomes and its role in advancing radiation therapy.

In summary, what are the key points about Tomotherapy HDA?

Tomotherapy HDA is an advanced cancer treatment technology that offers precision, targeted therapy capabilities, and improved outcomes in radiation therapy. It has wide applications, minimal side effects, and holds promising potential for the future of cancer care.